AYYA THUNANI


VELAVAN STORES FIRM

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Thiruppathi Mills Firm

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Administration & Sales Factory
VELAVAN BUILDING
13, SAMY SANNATHI LANE, EAST MASI STREET,
MADURAI –
625001,TAMILNADU , INDIA.
9B/ 2 & 3 ,  Nallamuthupillai New Road,        
Keerathurai,

MADURAI – 6531 001.

Phone : 91-452-2323437 ,  91-452-6535663 Phone : 91-452-6531883
Fax       : 91-452-4372232    

 

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Rice Growing Seasons in India : Winter Rice/Kharif Rice


• India ranks second in the production and consumption of rice in the global market. The most of the production comes
   from kharif crops. The rainfed kharif crops are to a great extent depends on South West Monsoon.
• Kharif or Winter is the main rice growing season in the country. It is known as Winter Rice or Kharif Rice as per the
   harvesting time.
• The winter crop sowing takes place between June and October and harvesting is between November and April.
• This indicates the high dependence of the rice crop on the south-west monsoon which is occurs over the subcontinent
   from June through September.
• About 84% of the country's rice crop is grown in this season and generally, medium to long duration varieties are grown
   in this season.
• The normal area under kharif rice is about 403 lakh hectares till 2002.
• Winter rice is known by various names in India. For example: it is known as 'Aman' in West Bengal, 'Sali' in Assam,
   'Sarrad' in Orissa, 'Agahani' in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, 'Sarava' in Andhra Pradesh, 'Mundakan' in Kerala and
   'Samba/Thaladi' in Tamil Nadu.
• Kharif rice production typically accounts for 87 to 88 percent of India's total production. The 2003 monsoon favored
   most of the Kharif rice areas.
   The Kharif rice crop is sown around the beginning of the Southwest Monsoon and harvested in the autumn months.


State wise Production of Kharif Rice in India


Production of Kharif Rice in India in '000 tonnes

State

1974-74

1984-85

1994-95

1999-00

Andhra Pradesh

3,882.6

4,857.6

5,988.7

7,046.0

Assam

1,936.5

2,382.9

3,096.3

3,206.9

Bihar

4,452.2

5,301.6

6,093.5

7,441.6

Gujrat

177.8

838.1

942.1

984.9

Haryana

393.0

1,363.0

2,227.0

2,594.0

Himachal Pradesh

96.8

117.2

112.2

120.9

Jammu and Kashmir

456.0

569.0

584.7

2,335.5

Karnataka

1,681.0

1,940.3

391.1

2,604.0

Kerala

1,137.7

1,088.9

827.3

6,463.0

Madhya Pradesh

2,421.4

3,761.2

626.2

6,376.5

Maharashtra

1,376.6

2,131.9

2,329.5

2,475.9

Manipur

274.7

332.5

478.3

365.0

Orissa

2,967

3,850

5,831

4,275

Punjab

1,179.0

5,052.0

7,703.0

8,716.0

Rajasthan

100.2

212.8

173.2

252.6

Tamil Nadu

3,511.1

5,309.6

6,753.8

5,778.6

Uttar Pradesh

3,520.0

7,153.1

10,354.8

12,898.0

West Bengal

5,687.0

6,822.6

9,222.9

9,291.0


 

Year wise Production of Kharif Rice in India

 

Year

Production (in '000 tonnes)

Year

Production (in '000 tonnes)

1974-75

35,925.8

1987-88

49,049.3

1975-76

44,744.8

1988-89

63,376.3

1976-77

39,265.5

1989-90

65,877.8

1977-78

48,947.0

1990-91

66,317.1

1978-79

49,336.7

1991-92

66,367.8

1979-80

38,486.3

1992-93

65,242.8

1980-81

50,089.5

1993-94

70,723.8

1981-82

49,244.7

1994-95

72,602.7

1982-83

43,164.4

1995-96

67,878.8

1983-84

55,052.2

1996-97

71,322.6

1984-85

53,781.7

1997-98

72,519.9

1985-86

59,392.2

1998-99

72,665.9

1986-87

53,560.9

1999-00

76,705.7


See Also


Autumn Rice / Pre-Kharif Rice

Summer Rice / Rabi Rice

Winter Rice / Kharif Rice


See Also


Climatic Conditions for Rice in India

Rice Growing Seasons in India

Rice Soils of India

Rice Eco System

Rice Seeds

Rice Cropping Pattern in India

Methods of Rice Cultivation in India



See Also


Development of Hybrid Rice in India
Export of Rice from India
Factors Influencing the Price of Rice
Minimum Support Price of Rice in India
Origin and History of Rice in India
Problems of Rice Cultivation in India
Production of Rice in India
Rice Cultivation in India
Rice Processing
Steps to Improve Production of Rice
Varieties of Rice in India
Rice Consumption

See Also


Average Export Price
Export Earnings from Rice
Export of Basmati Rice from India
Export of Non-Basmati Rice from India
Measures for Sustaining Rice Exports
Problems of Rice Export from India