Development of Hybrid Rice in India

Development of Hybrid Rice in India

During the last few years, hybrid rice technology in the tropics has entered the commercialization phase in India, Vietnam, the Philippines, Bangladesh, and Indonesia. Research to develop hybrid rice was initiated in India way back in 1970s but with no success. It was only in the year 1989, the research programme was accelerated and intensified and within a period of 5 years, half a dozen rice hybrid rice varieties were developed from public and private sectors in India. By the end of 2001, a total of 19 hybrid rice varieties were released.

However, farmer adoption of hybrid rice has been much slower than expected because of several constraints. Improving grain and cooking quality characteristics of hybrids, incorporating resistance to some major pests and diseases, increasing average seed yields on a large scale to reduce seed costs are the research priorities. Policy interventions by the government for increased support, aggressive popularization of hybrids, and assured procurement of hybrid rice at a minimum support price are needed. If these problems can be solved, hybrid rice could be cultivated on 3-4 million hectares in India during the next decade to partially sustain food security. The government has intended to popularize hybrids on a priority basis during the tenth five-year plan period (2002-07).
 

Steps to Develop Hybrid Rice :

• Use new seeds every season and follow recommended seeding rate
• Raise healthy seedlings
• Prepare the land early and properly
• Transplant seedlings then replant empty hills
• Apply the right kind and amount of fertilizer at the right time
• Maintain the right amount of water
• Manage the pests
• Harvest on time